Cotton, one of the world’s leading agricultural crops, is plentiful and economically produced, making cotton products relatively inexpensive. The fibres can be made into a wide variety of fabrics ranging from lightweight voiles and laces to heavy sailcloths and thick-piled velveteens, suitable for a great variety of wearing apparel, home furnishings, and industrial uses.
The most popular fiber in the world
Cotton is a seed fiber grown as a protective case around the seed of the cotton plant. Known to be the most popular natural fiber in the world, it is soft and fluffy to the touch and is usually off-white in color.
Derived from the Arabic word “Kutan”, cotton has been grown for more than 6000 years. First found woven in cloth around 3000 BC in Pakistan, it was then brought to Europe in about 800 AD by Arabic merchants, and by 1500 was known throughout the world.
Conventional cotton requires extremely high moisture levels, resulting from rainfall or irrigation during the growing season, and a warm, dry season during the picking period. Picked cotton will go through ginning
to separate the fibers from the seeds. Significant ecological and social impact caused by large-scale intensive production is a great concern in the industry.
- Durable, remains strong when wet
- Breathable and wearable all year round
- Absorbs and releases moisture very quickly
- Takes dye well but prone to discolor after wash
- Not stable and tends to shrink
- Prone to wrinkle
- Does not gather static electricity
Extra Long Staple
Supima from America, Sea Island cotton from the Caribbean, and Giza cotton from Egypt are cottons with the highest qualities. They are all extra-long staple and very soft to the touch.
Organic cotton and color cotton are some sustainable options that have been promoted to replace conventional cotton, with fewer synthetic agricultural chemicals and less water usage.
The cotton yarn can be used for weaving and knitting. Cotton is the cooling fiber suitable to be used for making shirt, blouse, dress, T-shirt, Pants. Cotton also can be used for color dyed.
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