Mohair is a fabric or yarn made from the hair of the Angora goat. Both durable and resilient. Mohair is considered to be a luxury fiber like cashmere, silk, and angora, because of the high involvement in the production of the material.
Mohair is one of the oldest fibers in the world. The word mohair is derived from the Arabic word “mukhayyar”, which means “finest fleece selected”. The Angora goat was thought to originate from the mountains of Tibet and reached Turkey in the 16th century. It was later introduced to England, South Africa, and the United States in the 1800s. Mohair was popular as a wool-blend suiting fabric in the 1960s.
The production of mohair wool has evolved greatly over the years. It’s likely that the nomadic peoples of Tibet made wool from these shaggy goats, and records indicate that this type of wool was made in Turkey thousands of years ago. When mohair became popular in England in the early 19th century, however, this fabric’s production process became much more industrialized and widespread.
- Natural sheen due to the reflection of large outer fiber scales
- Most durable of all animal fibers
- High elasticity
- Absorbs and releases moisture
- Flame resistant
- Sheds dust and dirt more easily than wool
- Does not fade easily
- Takes dye exceptionally well
- Felts and shrinks less than wool
- Wrinkle resistant
Usage Of Mohair
Like other types of wool, mohair wool is a highly popular fabric for sweaters, coats, hats, and other forms of insulative winter gear. This textile is also used to make socks, scarves, and suits. One special kind of suit can only be made with mohair wool; the two-tone suit became highly popular in the United Kingdom in the 1960s, and the popularity of this garment rapidly spread among musicians in America and worldwide.
Where Is Mohair Wool Produced?
Approximately half of the world’s mohair fabric is produced in South Africa, which makes this country the biggest producer of this textile. A significant amount of this wool is also produced in Texas, and in recent years, companies in China have done their best to catch up to South Africa and the United States in terms of mohair wool production.
Mohair is one of the most expensive types of wool. Alongside cashmere and Suri alpaca wool, this type of goat wool commands one of the highest prices on the market, but the cost of this fabric has remained mostly steady as both the supply and demand of mohair wool have decreased at around the same rate.
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