Woollen yarn is used to make thick, heavyweight woven or knitted garments. These fabrics are ideal for warm winter jackets or sweaters.
A winter fiber commonly used in suits and knit fabrics
Wool is a natural protein fiber obtained from sheep, and there are over 200 different breeds worldwide. It is naturally crimped and wavy with a lofty and slightly greasy hand feel before treated. Most wools are yellowish white or ivory but some can be black, brown, gray, or random mixes.
Sheep are the oldest domestic animal species, dating back to around 10,000 years ago when primitive humans first covered their bodies with wool for protection. Britain’s wool manufacturing industry is believed to
be a leader in Eur around 1900 B and the death penalty was once effective for the exportation of sheep and raw wool during the 15th to 18th centuries. The first Merino sheep were introduced into Australia in 1797,
where the best merinos continue to be bred to this day.
Different types of fleece are used in producing wool. Lambs’ wool is fleece that is taken from young sheep before the age of eight months. Because the fiber has not been cut, it has a natural, tapered end that gives it a softer feel. Pulled wool is taken from animals originally slaughtered for meat and is pulled from the pelt using various chemicals. The fibers of pulled wool are of low quality and produce a low-grade cloth. Virgin wool is wool that has never been processed in any manner before it goes into the manufacturing phase. This term is often misunderstood to mean higher quality, which is not necessarily the case.
- Weaker than cotton and flax
- Strength decreases when wet
- Holds garment shapes well
- Retains air and warmth
- High elasticity; considered the most extensible natural fiber.
- Absorbs moisture better than cotton
- Fades and weakens under continuous sunlight
- Mildew develops when wool is damp
- Possible irritant to skin
- Trends to shrink when wet
- Scales make it possible to be felted
- Wrinkle resistant
- Suitable for mechanical recycling with relativity long fibers
Common Types Of Wool
Wool fiber of different lengths is used to create different types of wool fabric. There is woolen fabric made with shorter wool fiber, and worsted fabric made with longer fiber, which is more lightly woven.
Quality Of Wool
The quality of wool is determined by its fiber diameter, breed, amount of crimp, color, and staple strength. Fiber diameter is the most important wool characteristic when it comes to quality and price.
Treating methods for fly strike in sheep can constitute animal cruelty. And the treatment process of raw wool generally involves large amounts of chemicals and an intensive use of energy.
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